U.I. Useful Information

U.I. Useful Information









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Registration Terms Glossary

...aero: The TLD designated for the air transport industry, available only to aviation community members.

...biz: The .biz TLD is a designated suffix for businesses. Domains using the .biz extension must be used for business or commercial use.

...com: Short for .commercial. Domain names with the .com extension are the most popular and can be purchased by any individual or business in any country.

...coop: This TLD is available to cooperatives, cooperative service organizations and wholly owned subsidiaries of cooperatives.

....info: .info domains are available to the general public.

...museum: This TLD is available only to museums, museum organizations and individual members of the museum profession.

....name: Available to the general public, .name email addresses are listed as firstname@lastname.name or lastname@firstname.name. Web sites are listed as www.firstname.lastname.name.

....net: Short for .network. This domain extension was originally designed to be used by technical web sites. However, this extension can be registered by anyone.

....org: Short for .organization. Originally for non-profit organizations that did not fit under the .com or .net extension. However any individual or business may now register a .org domain name.

....pro: The .pro suffix was created for certified professionals including lawyers, doctors and accountants.

...Administrative Contact: When registering a domain name, the administrative contact must be provided to the registrar when completing the registration form. The administrative contact is the individual who is responsible for acting as the primary contact. The administrative contact does not necessarily need to be able to manage the technical aspects of the domain.

...Appraising: The process of evaluating a domain name and determining its market value.

...Bandwidth: The amount of data that can be transmitted at a given moment to a server. The higher your bandwidth the larger amount of traffic your site can handle at one time.

...Billing Contact: When registering a domain name, the billing contact must be provided to the registrar when completing the registration form. The billing contact is responsible for receiving the bills and paying the registrar any fees.

...CGI: Short for Common Gateway Interface, a small script that processes data taken from the user such as from a form application or guestbook entry.

...Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD): Each country has a unique domain extension, usually a two letter abbreviation for the country. IANA is the organization responsible for overseeing the ccTLDs.

...Cybersquatter: The illegal act of buying up domain names and “sitting” on them with the intent of making a large profit off the sell. Cybersquatters will often buy out large quantities of names, trademarks, or highly marketable names to try to make a buck or prevent others from lawful use of the name.

...Domain Host:See also web host. The business or registrar responsible for a domain name’s server and keeping their web site “live.”

...Domain Name: The alias or easy to remember name given in place of the long string of numbers in an IP address. Instead of typing in an IP address to the web browser to reach a web site, we can type in the domain name.

...Domain Name System (DNS): The DNS maintains a relationship between IP addresses and domain names. DNS is composed of a set of database servers which maintain the relationship between IP addresses and domain names and facilitate the lookup between the two. Computers use the DNS system to electronically transmit data with other computers through the internet.

...Escrow: A third party service that will essentially hold on to the buyer’s payment when selling a domain name, thereby protecting both the buyer and seller.

...Email: Electronic mail, electronic files that are transferred quickly from an outbox on one computer, to the inbox of another.

...Expired Domain: A domain that has not been reregistered by the owner in the grace period allotted eventually becomes expired, or unusable by the owner, and is placed into the pool of available names again.

...FAQ: Short for frequently asked question.

...File Transfer Protocol (FTP): A communication method for transferring data between computers on the Internet. FTP servers store files that can be accessed from other computers. FTP provides security services so only authorized access is allowed.

...Forwarding: The process of redirecting email from one inbox to another (email forwarding), or redirecting traffic received at one web address to another. (URL forwarding)

...Generic Top Level Domain (gTLD): The top level domain represents a category, and is found at the last part of a domain name. For example the .com in www.mysite.com, is the gTLD. The three completely unrestricted gTLDs are .com .net and .org.

...Hold Status: A domain name that has not been reregistered by its owner, but not yet in the pool of available names may be said to be on hold status.

...Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): Web sites on the internet are stored or presented as documents which web browsers can interpret. These document files are designed using a specific tagging language.

...Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA): An organization who oversees core internet infrastructure management parameters, including port assignments.

...Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): The not for profit organization responsible for managing the internet’s domain name system, including IP address space allocation.

...InterNIC: InterNIC was originally started as a joint effort between Network Solutions and AT&T, to perform many of the functions now performed by ICANN. The InterNIC is no longer functioning, but hosts an information site regarding domain name registrations.

...IP Address: All computers across the internet are assigned a unique identifier called an IP address. They are used like street addresses so other computers can find them. An IP address could look something like this:

...Internet Service Provider (ISP): An ISP is a business that provides an individual with access to the internet. Some methods of providing this service are through dial-up telephone, cable, or high-speed DSL circuit.

...Name Server: A name server, or domain name server, maintains the cross-reference between domain names and their corresponding IP addresses. Name servers are used so that people don’t have to remember long numerical IP addresses.

...NIC Fee: This is the fee you pay to your registrar when registering for a domain name.

...Parking: Term used for temporarily placing a record in a name server for later use. Many registrars while park your domain at no cost until you are ready to build a web site.

...Primary Server: The primary name server of a domain name is where other name servers know to look for the authoritative information regarding the domain and its corresponding IP address. The primary name server is usually assigned through either the registrar or the web host.

...Registrant: The individual or business who registers a domain name. The registrant is accountable for the fees and conditions specified by the registrar.

...Registrar: A business that is given permission to register domain names on behalf of anyone wishing to obtain one. Registrars must be accredited by ICANN, and are only given permission to registrar certain top level domains. Registrars collect fees, maintain record information, and manage registration, re-registration, and expiration of domains.

...Registry: A database that contains information about every registered domain name. Different registries exist for different TLDs. When you register a domain name, all the information for that domain, including registrant, name, expiration, etc. is stored in the registry’s database.

...Renewal: When the original domain name registration period is over the owner will be given the opportunity to renew the domain name for subsequent years. This is called a renewal, and is done through the registrant’s current registrar.

...Reseller: A company/person that sells domain names through registry services provided by an ICANN approved registrar.

...Second Level Domain: The domain names system is organized as a hierarchy. After the root, the top level domain is the highest in the hierarchy, followed next by the second level domain. The second level domain in www.mysite.com, would be the “mysite” portion.

...Secure Sockets Layer (SSL): Short for Secure Sockets Layer, a protocol developed by Netscape to handle and protect confidential/sensitive information required for e-commerce transactions (like credit card numbers). SSL address usually begin with 'https'.

...Spam: Unwanted, unsolicited email

...Subdomain: Typically known as a "domain within a domain", subdomains are individual Web addresses built upon a pre-existing domain name (such as clientname.yourhostingcompany.com). As a reseller, you will have the option of assigning subdomains to clients if they do not choose to have a domain name.

...Technical Contact: When you register a domain name you must specify a technical contact for that domain. This individual will be responsible for any technical issues regarding the domain name. The technical contact may be the same as the billing or administrative contact.

...Top Level Domain (TLD): TLD is the last part of the domain name. For example, the .com in www.mysite.com is the top level domain. (‘mysite’ would be the second-level domain)

...Transfer: A domain name once registered for 60 days with a registrar may be transferred to another registrar. This transfer means the new registrar will now maintain the pertinent information regarding the domain and the registrant.

...Uniform Resource Locator (URL): Also called the web address. A URL may include the http:// or just the www at the beginning. URL is an identifier for locating objects on the internet.

...Web Page: A document containing text and graphics that can be accessed through a web browser on the internet.

...Web Site: A collection of web pages that reside on a web server.

...Web Host: A business that share its servers with clients so their web sites can be accessible at any given time A networked computer dedicated to providing a certain kind of service. Usually refers to a computer that stores the website files and has a web server running on it.

...Whois: Whois is both a database and a tool. A whois database is maintained by a domain registry which contains pertinent information about domain names and their registrants (technical contacts, expiration date, etc.) Whois is also a tool used for accessing the various databases. Registrars offer the use of the whois tool to see if the name you would like is still available.

...Web Site Design

...Web Site Development

...Web Site Hosting

Meta Tags
While it is true that in the past meta tags were sorely abused by greedy webmasters and thus discounted by major search engines, you’ll find that meta tags, the bits of text in the header tags invisible to viewers, are still important in smaller search engines and gaining relevancy again in search engines like Google, and the comeback kid, Yahoo. Newcomers and those who have ignored Meta tags for so long they forgot the best methods for using them, here are some essentials on utilizing meta tags.

Meta Descriptions
The Meta description, are not seen on the actual web page, but is seen as the link description in search engine results pages. The description is vital for convincing viewers to click on the link. Think of it is your one-chance sales pitch. Make sure the keywords appear at the beginning.

Meta Keywords
Indexable character cap for engines on the keyword tag so pick your best words. Do not keyword stuff! Your site could be banned from search engines for filling your Meta keyword tag with senseless repetition of keywords or the inclusion of irrelevant words. The object of the keyword tag is to summarize what is on the page with a list of keywords.

A robots tag look like this: [meta name=”robots” content=”index, follow”]. The robots tag speaks specifically to search engine spiders to tell it whether or not to index a page. If you have web pages that you don’t want to be spidered, then you need to use a “no follow” tag in your Meta robots tag.

Meta Name Tags
Meta name tags; “author” “copyright” “rating” and “distribution” tags.

Title Tags
Title tags are not Meta tags, they are included with Meta tags in the HTML head tags. Title tags are important for search engine optimization. Title tag on a web page is displayed as the link on search engine results pages.

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